An omphalocele is a condition in which the fetus’s abdominal organs, such as intestines or bowel, protrude outside of the abdominal wall into the umbilical cord.
The size of the omphalocele can vary from very small, including a small amount of intestine or bowel, to a “giant” omphalocele, including most of the organs from the abdomen.
Omphaloceles often cause problems in the development of the abdominal cavity and the lungs.
According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), approximately 775 (1 out of every 5,386) babies are born with omphalocele each year in the U.S.
If the omphalocele is small, a vaginal delivery may be possible, but if the if it is large, the mother may have to deliver the baby via Cesarean section to prevent rupture of the omphalocele sac.
Babies require surgery after they are born to repair the omphalocele.
The St. Louis Fetal Care Institute can provide prenatal diagnosis and care for babies with omphalocele. We can also help coordinate the baby's delivery and specialized care by pediatric experts after birth.
Learn more about omphalocele here.
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